Equine care – Tips that should help to keep horses hale and hearty
Care for equines under the guidance of experienced veterinarians should be the top priority for those who rear horses. Taking care of horses’ health is extremely important to make it perform at peak levels while training makes its perfect. Derby contenders know how crucial it is to keep horses healthy and leave no stone unturned to see that the animals are always in the pink of health. In this article, we will guide you through some essential horse care advice.
Taking care of nutritional needs
Grass and hay constitute the basic food for horses as its digestive system can process bulk quantities of grass that is rich in water and fiber. Provide plenty of free-flowing water to horses that take two drinks a day and ensure that grass and hay are free from mold and dust. The ideal amount of food should constitute 2% to 4% of body weight that can vary according to the existing condition as well as activity level. Avoid feeding grains to horses as the extra calories could do more harm than good.
For protecting horses from tetanus, proper vaccination under the guidance of veterinarians is necessary. Some other routine vaccines are also required that protect the beasts from equine encephalomyelitis Eastern and Western types, rhinopneumonitis (equine herpes), equine influenza and rabies. For protecting horses from West Nile Virus, the special vaccine is available. Check with your veterinarian if your horse needs some other vaccines.
Worms in horses can affect its health in many ways – from poor coat to weight loss and colic that happens from worms can often turn deadly. Either you can seek guidance from your veterinarian about what to do and how to do for deworming horses or you can ask them to do it for you. To address the root cause of worm infestation in horses, minimize the exposure of the animal to parasites. Avoiding overcrowding of horses in the grazing lands, regular cleaning of feces and rotating pastures are some ways of keeping exposure to parasites under control.
Home for horses, exercise, and sleep
Prefer to house horses in straight stalls that allow mixing with other horses as it helps to avoid behavioral problems that can develop if you keep them isolated in individual box stalls. Let your horse mix with other horses by keeping them most of the time outside.
Horses normally sleep while standing. If you notice changes in its sleeping posture especially if it feels like lying down when sleeping, it could the signs of some health problems. Give horses the opportunity to exercise daily and do not keep them confined.
For horses whose feet do not get adequate natural care, trimming the hooves periodically every 6 to 8 weeks is a must. Natural strengthening of hooves can do away with horseshoes that cause some hoof problems. Seek expert advice on what should be right for your horse.
Check the horse’s teeth once or twice a year to ensure there are no sharp edges or points that can cause difficulty in chewing and is often painful.