Malaria is a vector-borne disease. It is an infectious disease which is caused by some protozoan parasites which belong to the genus called Plasmodium which is a parasite that is found in mosquitoes. Thus, it gets passed on to humans through mosquito bites. Malaria virus gets transferred from one person to another by female mosquitoes known as Anopheline. The virus which causes Malaria has to grow inside a mosquito for around a week before the infection can get passed on. These viruses infect the red blood cells which are known as haemoprotozoa. This article will help you understand the intricate details of Malaria which is necessary for you to understand what preventive measures you should be taking.
How is Malaria transmitted?
Malaria gets transmitted by female Anopheline mosquitoes. When infected mosquitoes bite, the Malaria parasites get transferred from the mosquito to the victim who then falls ill. The incubation period of Malaria is 10 to 21 days, but it can be longer also. After the Malarial parasites, also known as Sporozoites, get transmitted into the bloodstream of the victim, they migrate into the liver where they will mature and then release into another form called Merozoites. Malaria causes the most deaths from diseases globally, especially in tropical countries. A majority of the deaths happen to young children.
Effects of Malaria
Malaria is more prevalent in subtropical and tropical countries, which includes parts of Central and Southern America, Asia, and most widely in Africa. Around 500 million people get affected by Malaria worldwide every year and get severe Malaria which can often result in anemia, headaches, chills, muscle aches, fevers, weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, coughing and also an abdominal pain. Malaria can also cause deaths. If Malaria affects pregnant women, then it can kill new-born babies too, and in fact, around 400,000 new-born babies die every year from this. Malaria needs to be identified immediately for treatment; immediate treatment can help people to make a full recovery from Malaria. When left untreated, Malaria can be quite persisting and can turn malignant which can lead to death.
Drugs for treating Malaria
There are many anti-Malarial drugs which can help in curing the disease. Doxycycline is one of the most effective medicines which can help in checking the onslaught of Malaria. It has minimal side effects and can be taken by pregnant women and younger children also. The dosage of this medication depends upon the severity of the disease and should be taken after consultation with a doctor. You can get
doxycycline medication to treat Malaria from medical stores in the UK.
Malaria is a dangerous disease that affects many people every year, especially in tropical and subtropical countries. It is borne by virus-carrying mosquitoes and gets transmitted to humans when they experience bites from such infected mosquitoes. Ideally, Malaria should be treated immediately once the symptoms of the disease have been identified. Doxycycline is an effective treatment for Malaria.